Time layers in the Archeo Route Limburg app

In the Archeo Route app on location you will become acquainted with the time layer in which the story takes place. 4 Time layers are distinguished in the app.

Here you will find more information about the time layers. Who lived then and how did they live?

  • Hunters, gatherers and first farmers

    This is about a time period up to 3400 BC. - The Paleolithic up to and including middle neolithic A.

    These are hunters / fishermen and collectors. They travel around and depend on the seasons and the nature of the food sources. At the end of this period, mobility decreases and the first farmers settle. Archaeologists find a lot of (flint) stone and sometimes burned animal bone material. Pottery appears at the end of this period. Burials are scarce and cremations even rarer.

  • Early agricultural societies

    This concerns the period 3400 before Chr. up to 1500 BC. - Middle Neolithic B up to and including the Middle Bronze Age.

    These are farming communities that run small-scale agriculture. Settlements are moved periodically. In addition to flint, stone axes and first metal utensils, pottery is found. Archaeologists also find vague ground traces of buildings. More and more burial customs are becoming visible, such as burial mounds and flat graves.

  • Late agricultural societies

    This is the period 1500 BC. up to 900 AD. - Middle Bronze Age up to and including early Middle Ages.

    Farms and parceled farm complexes appear during this period. Industry and trade arises and the communities are no longer entirely self-sufficient. In the course of time there is talk of centrally controlled regional or supra-regional authority (Roman era / Frankish empire in the early Middle Ages) and one is subjected to Christianization. Archaeologists find remains of buildings (sometimes of stone). Settlements are rich in finds and ground traces. Turned pottery is making its appearance and metal objects are becoming more numerous. The first shrines arise such as temples, the first churches, chapels and monasteries.


  • State societies

    Period 900 AD to 1950 - The early Middle Ages to the new age.

    We see a strong expansion of civilization and property limits. The rise of the market economy leads to specializations and the population grows. Rural settlements grow into villages and large, complex settlements with central functions become cities. Archaeologists find earthenware, ceramics, glass, metals and stone. Objects are found that belong to defenses and battlefields.